Network administration is the line of work in which the computer hardware and software that make up the network is maintained for the efficient working of the network services.
What does a network administrator do?
Network administrators engage in high-level technological support, such as configuring the authorization and authentication of individuals or groups who access network resources. They also technically work in the management and maintenance of desktop computers, printers, routers, servers, switches, firewalls, security updates, software implementations, file servers VPN gateways, intrusion detection systems and many other technologies related to the network.
Administrators generally acquire certificates related to networking or specific software or hardware. Some of the organizations which offer the certificates are Microsoft, Cisco, Juniper and Redhat.
Network Administrator Job Description:
A typical network administrator’s responsibilities include:
- Establishing network specifications; analyzing workflow, access, information, and security requirements; designing router administration, including interface configuration and routing protocols.
- Designing and planning, creating up, maintaining and expanding the network.
- Plan, coordinate, monitor, control and evaluate network security measures.
- Perform disaster recovery operations and data backups.
- Upgrade the network by developing, testing, evaluating and installing the enhancements.
- Providing technical assistance and support for users experiencing technological difficulties by conducting training programs.
- Configuring, adding and removing file systems.
- Creating, deleting or updating user account information, resetting passwords.
How to become a network administrator?
Most network administrators have a bachelor degree in computer Science, Information systems, Electrical engineering, Computer and information science, Management information systems, and mathematics or other related fields.
Vocational diplomas, two-year degrees, and certification can all provide the needed background and skills to become a network engineer. Some of the certificate courses to acquire proficiency as a network engineer are:
- Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician (CCNET)
- Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA)
- Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
- Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE)
- CompTIA Network+
If you have any other area of interest, there is a certification course available for you.
Most network administrators recommend the following books:
- The Practice of System and Network Administration, Second Edition by Christine Hogan
- RHCSA/RHCE Red Hat Linux Certification Study Guide, Sixth Edition
- Internet Core Protocols: The Definitive Guide
- DNS and BIND, Fifth edition
- CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate Study Guide
- Unix Power Tools, Third Edition
Network Administrator jobs:
Problem solving is one of the more important skills to have as a network administrator. One should be able to quickly communicate, diagnose and configure the servers whenever a computer system malfunctions.
With enough experience under your belt, you can consider working from home, charging a consultation fee for your expertise, and setting your own work hours as well. Your options will diversify as business increases.
Network Administrator Salary:
Network Administrators are an essential part of any company; hence the hiring rate and demand for highly skilled, highly qualified and highly capable network administrators are increasing every year.
The annual salary of a Network Administrator depends on many factors such as industry, location, years of experience, level of education, and company size.
According to payscale.com the median network administrator salary in the United States is $54,168. i.e., 50% of the network administrators make more than $54,168. So if you are looking for potential long term growth, a network administrator is a strong bet.
Developing nations are also showing much interest to develop their technological infrastructure. So if you are experienced enough you can work across the globe, impacting the world.